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Burglary Laws in Toronto

Burglary Laws in Toronto: Definitions and Defence Tactics

Burglary laws in Toronto are a crime with serious implications, is a significant concern for both residents and law enforcement agencies in Toronto. In navigating the complexities of burglary laws, individuals charged with such offences require competent legal representation to ensure their rights are protected and their defences are effectively presented. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the definitions of burglary under Canadian law, explore the potential consequences, and discuss strategic defence tactics to aid those facing such charges.

Understanding Burglary

In Canada, burglary falls under the broader category of “break and enter” offences. According to the Criminal Code of Canada, burglary is defined as unlawfully entering a place with the intent to commit an indictable offence therein. It’s crucial to note that the intent to commit a separate crime, such as theft or assault, is a fundamental element of the offence.

Elements of Burglary

For a charge of burglary to be substantiated, several elements must be established by the prosecution beyond a reasonable doubt:

  1. Unlawful Entry: The accused must have entered a place without lawful authority or permission. This entry can involve physical force, manipulation of locks, or any other means of gaining access without consent.
  2. Intent to Commit an Indictable Offence: The prosecution must prove that the accused had the intention to commit an indictable offence upon entry. This intent can be inferred from the circumstances surrounding the entry, such as carrying tools for theft or being found in possession of stolen items.

Defence Tactics

When facing charges of burglary, mounting a strong defence is essential to protect one’s rights and achieve the best possible outcome. Here are some strategic defence tactics often employed by experienced criminal lawyers like Alex De Boyrie:

  1. Challenging Intent: The prosecution must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the accused had the intent to commit an indictable offence upon entry. Defence counsel may argue that there was no such intent or that any alleged intent was not formed until after entry, casting doubt on the prosecution’s case.
  2. Questioning Evidence: In many burglary cases, the evidence presented by the prosecution may be circumstantial. Defence lawyers can challenge the reliability and admissibility of such evidence, including witness testimony, forensic analysis, or surveillance footage, to weaken the prosecution’s case.
  3. Establishing Lack of Control: Defence counsel may argue that the accused had no control over their actions at the time of the alleged burglary, perhaps due to intoxication, duress, or mistaken identity. Establishing lack of control can undermine the prosecution’s assertion of criminal intent.
  4. Negotiating Plea Bargains: In some cases where the evidence against the accused is substantial, pursuing a plea bargain may be a prudent strategy. Experienced criminal lawyers like Alex De Boyrie can negotiate with the prosecution to secure a favourable plea deal, minimizing the potential consequences for the accused.


Burglary charges carry severe repercussions, including substantial fines and lengthy prison sentences. Individuals facing such charges in Toronto must seek competent legal representation to safeguard their rights and mount a strong defence. Alex De Boyrie, a reputable criminal lawyer with extensive experience in defending against burglary charges, offers expert legal guidance and advocacy. If you or someone you know is facing allegations of burglary, don’t hesitate to schedule a free consultation with De Boyrie Law to explore your legal options and protect your future.